The Masonic ritual world dates back to the 18th century, both from England and from France, which is still our most valuable reference.
In general, it is very unknown to us, and even more so that complex universe of facts and characters that outlined the birth that began in 1717 and concluded, at least for this study, at the end of the 18th century with powerful encodings, such as the Emulation rituals in England, and the Régulateur du Maçon in France.
This text, after years of research, addresses for the first time in the Spanish-speaking world the historiography of the so-called “Moderns” and their ritual throughout the 18th century, and does so in two poles as different as they are singular: England and France.
FOREWORD 13 by Jean-Pierre Duhal
18th CENTURY MASONIC HISTORICAL SKETCH IN ENGLAND
Preliminary Reflection 27
The Operative Masonic Universe 34
The Masonic Transition Theory 43
On the Cowan Outcast 46
The Founding of the Grand Lodge of London 49
Anderson’s Constitutions 1723 and 1738 56
What are the 1723 and 1738 Constitutions about? 66
The quarrel between “Ancient” and “Modern” 75
Creation of the Grand Lodge of the Ancients 83
RITUAL HISTORICAL SKETCH IN ENGLAND
The Mason’s Word and the Old Charges 102
The Edinburgh, Chetwode Crawely, Kevan manuscripts, genesis of the Modern Rite 122
The Mason’s Word and the Old Charges. Another look 131
Disclosures and rituals 18th century 137
English Disclosures 1723 to 1769 139
The divergence: Masonry Dissected (1730) And The Three Distinct Knocks (1760) 141
Masonry Dissected. 1730. And the Grand Lodge of London 142
What does Masonry Dissected contribute? 145
Location and position of the Rangers 146
The Three Distinct Knocks 156
HISTORICAL OUTLINE OF FREEMASONRY IN FRANCE 18th century 163
Chronology of some Masonic foundations in France 169
French Masonic obediences, their birth 176
The ritual power of the modern 188
RITUALISTIC OUTLINE IN FRANCE 1730-1785
Anderson’s Constitutions in France 199
Exposures in France 1737-1777 202
Réception de un Frey-maçon (1736) 209
The Free Mason Examin´d or de a. Slade (1754) 214
Proto-rituals 217 Le Parfait Maçon (1744) 218
Le sceau rompu ou la loge ouverte aux profanes (1745) 221
Le macon démasqué (1748-1751) 226
Jachim and boaz (1762) 229
MarquÉs de gages (1763 ) 236
Mahhabone (1766) 241
The Masonic Everyday Life of the 18th Century 247
The Two Degree System: Entered Apprentice and Companion 260
The Myth of Hiram. A long disquisition 262
Approaches to the figure of Hiram Abif 263
The disclosures in French 1738-1751 that deal with the mythical hiramic 265
The problems in the handling of the mythical 271
The secondary themes: Their roles 319
The officers of the lodge and their location 325
The apron 327
The loggia painting or tapestry 334
Lights and luminaries and the three chandeliers 337
The columns and their conceptualizations 337
The engravings as a formulation of knowledge 339
The Chamber of Reflection 350
Reception or initiation? Its development and evolutions 366
Initiation at the end of the 18th century 370
Questions prior to initiation 371
Promise and oath 387
Influences, loans and impositions 398
Chivalric and noble influences. Scotism involved 399
Christian varnish 403
ANNEX I. Grand Masters of the Grand Lodge of London 1717-1740 501
ANNEX II. Masonic ritual production of the 17th century 503
ANNEX III. Jaquin and Boaz. Or the real key to the door to Freemasonry 507
ANNEX IV. Full Body of Freemasonry, Adopted by the Grand Lodge of France, 1761 or 1774? 529
ANNEX V. First degree ritual of the Régulateur du Maçon 545
BIBLIOGRAPHY CONSULTED 575
About the Author
Víctor Guerra García, Tremañes (Gijón) 1955, began his Masonic journey in 1996 in the Spanish Symbolic Grand Lodge (GLSE), co-founding the Friends of Nature and Humanity Lodge (Gijón) as an Apprentice.
From the Fellowship he embarks on the project of establishing the Grand Orient of France in Spain, and as such participates in the founding of the Rosario de Acuña Lodge (Gijón).
In his Masonic curriculum he has the Orders of Wisdom of the Modern Rite granted by the Grand Chapitre General du Rite Français-GOdF; and the Vth Order, 9th, Knight of Wisdom by the Supreme Conselho do Rito Moderno of Brazil.
A former member of Le Droit Humain (DH).
Honorary Member of the Sublime Conseil du Rite Moderne pour la France; of the Lux Veritatis Lodge of the Mixed Grand Lodge of the Ecuadorian Andes (GLMAE) and of the Universal Masonic Union of Modern Rite (UMURM).
Currently a member of the Estrella do Norte Lodge of the Gran Oriente Lusitano (GOL), based in Porto, and a member of the Sovereign Grand Chapter of Cavaleiros Rosa-Cruz de Portugal.
President of the Circle of Studies of the French Rite Röettiers de Montaleau and Venerable of the Research Lodge Los Modernos.
He directs several blogs including: XXI century Masonry, French Rite, Masonry in Asturias and Vereda de Heterodoxos.
To his credit as a masonologist he has published several books.
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