Auschwitz concentration camp:
images taken in january 2013
International Holocaust Remembrance Day
International Holocaust Remembrance Day is an international memorial day on 27 January that commemorates the victims of the Holocaust, the genocide of European Jews by Nazi Germany between 1941 and 1945.
27 January was chosen to commemorate the date that Auschwitz concentration camp was liberated by the Red Army in 1945.
The day remembers the killing of 6 million Jews and 11 million others by the Nazi regime and its collaborators.
It was designated by United Nations General Assembly resolution 60/7 on 1 November 2005.
The resolution came after a special session was held earlier that year on 24 January to mark the 60th anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi concentration camps and the end of the Holocaust.
Many countries have instituted their own Holocaust Memorial Days. Many, such as the UK’s Holocaust Memorial Day, also fall on 27 January, while others, such as Israel’s Yom HaShoah, are observed at other times of the year.
Auschwitz concentration camp
Auschwitz concentration camp (German: Konzentrationslager Auschwitz also KL Auschwitz or KZ Auschwitz) was a complex of over 40 concentration and extermination camps operated by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland (in a portion annexed into Germany in 1939) during World War II and the Holocaust.
It consisted of Auschwitz I, the main camp (Stammlager) in Oświęcim; Auschwitz II-Birkenau, a concentration and extermination camp with gas chambers; Auschwitz III-Monowitz, a labor camp for the chemical conglomerate IG Farben; and dozens of subcamps.
The camps became a major site of the Nazis’ Final Solution to the Jewish Question.
After Germany sparked World War II by invading Poland in September 1939, the Schutzstaffel (SS) converted Auschwitz I, an army barracks, into a prisoner-of-war camp.
The initial transport of political detainees to Auschwitz consisted nearly solely of Poles to whom the camp was initially established. The bulk of inmates were Polish for the first two years.
The Auschwitz Memorial
The Auschwitz Memorial
There is no way to understand post-war Europe and the world, without an in-depth confrontation between our idea of mankind and the remains of Auschwitz.
Article by: Nicholas J Broadway
Nicholas was initiated into Freemasonry in 1989 in Stonewell Lodge No. 9137, Essex England (UGLE) and was Master in 1995, 2011 and 2016. He also joined other UGLE Lodges and is a PZ in the Holy Royal Arch.
He acquired the title of The Square Magazine in January 2020 and oversees the technical running of the digital publication.
He lives in West Sussex and assists the Provincial Grand Lodge of Sussex Communications Team with Social Media activities.
Recent Articles: history series
The Ritual of the Operative Free Masons - P3
Existing Operative Free Masons. The ritual I am about to refer, is that of "The Worshipful Society of Free Masons, Rough Masons, Wallers, Slaters, Paviors, Plaisterers, and Bricklayers." By Thomas Carr, M.D., P. M. Honorary Member of the Guild of Operative Free Masons
The Ritual of the Operative Free Masons - P2
If anyone doubts the fact that the formation of Speculative Free Masonry was due to and based upon Operative Free Masonry, it is quite easy to convince him of his error if he will only study the first Book of Constitutions. By Thomas Carr, M.D., P. M. Honorary Member of the Guild of Operative Free Masons
The Ritual of the Operative Free Masons - P1
The original paper was written, first, to prove that Speculative Free Masonry was derived from Operative Free Masonry; second, to give some account of the Operative Free Masons, of their Ritual, and of their customs. By Thomas Carr, M.D., P. M. Honorary Member of the Guild of Operative Free Masons
The Perjured Free Mason Detected
Was Samuel Prichard a perjured individual, or simply a misguided Freemason? Prichard's book "Free Masonry Dissected" published in 1730, is now used by many Masonic historians as a source of reference with regards to the introduction of the third degree into the Craft. But at the time it was published in 1730, it was not so well received by members of the Grand Lodge of England.
The Order of the Dragon
Societas Draconistarum, meaning "Society of the Dragonists"– was a chivalric Order for selected nobility, founded in 1408 by Sigismund von Luxembourg, who through marriage became the King of Hungary (1387–1437) and later Holy Roman Emperor. The Order was fashioned after the military orders of the Crusades, requiring its initiates to defend the cross and fight the enemies of Christianity, in particular the Ottoman Empire.
17th century and the Holy Royal Arch
This article focuses on a period of transition between a point in time when we can safely and historically identify the first formation of what could be called as the ‘Royal Arch’ and the historical events that have preceded it.
Most Freemasons have heard the terms 'Operative' and 'Speculative' Masons, and this article helps to understand the difference:
Roberts' Constitutions of Freemasonry 1722
Published a year before Anderson's Constitutions, The Old Constitutions Belonging to the Ancient and Honourable SOCIETY OF Free and Accepted MASONS. Originally printed in London England; Sold by J. Roberts, in Warwick-Lane, MDCCXXII.(1722)
A Song of Freemasonry
From 'Songs of religion and life', 1876 by John Stuart Blackie (1809-1895)
On the Antiquity of Masonic Symbolism
Is the Symbolism of Masonry an inheritance derived from the old Masons who flourished before the era of the Grand Lodges (1717); or has it been borrowed from the Rosicrucians or others, after 1717?
Mason's Marks – from Egypt to Europe?
Mason's marks have been a source of intrigue, not only to Freemasons but to historians and archaeologists. The use of simple pictograms have been employed for millennia by artisans to identify their work. But where did they originate and why?
The White House Foundation Stones
Further to the articles in our series on the history of the stone masons, we have a rather intriguing addition. During the 1950's renovation of the White House, President Truman retrieved more than 100 stone blocks with stonemasons marks.
The Green Dragon Tavern
What the Goose and Gridiron Tavern is in the ancient annals of London Freemasonry, The Green Dragon Tavern is to the memories of the Free-mason, of Boston and New England.
when hate goes too far
Auschwitz concentration camp: video photo article taken in 2013
Martin Bogardus explores the Masonic characters and symbolism within the hugely successful 'Outlander' books and TV series.
27 January 1945
There are two things of importance happening this day - 27 January
Understanding of Freemasonry
Two approaches regarding the understanding of Freemasonry
Masonic Research in England c1930
An article which appeared in an American Masonic magazine, c1930 and which was reproduced in England, provoking a little controversy.
A 1657 Masonic? Bookplate
Masonic bookplates the ‘Brethren’s spiritual coats of arms and marks’
The Unlawful Societies Act of 1799
Rebellious Freemasons and the 21st century
The Lost Jewel
In 1912, Sarah Dowd of Dromore, Ireland, found a Masonic jewel dated 1517 - a date two hundred years before the establishment of Grand Lodge...
Benjamin Franklin’s Virtues
Benjamin Franklin's Virtues, Freemasonry, and Jewish Practice.
Franklin's Virtues Revisited For Today's Mason
How are the virtues and the pursuit of self-improvement and knowledge as pertinent for today's Mason, as they were for Benjamin Franklin.
Origins and Links to English Freemasonry - Part 3
Quasi-Masonic societies - are the highly secretive Skull and Bones the real Illuminati?
Origins and Links to English Freemasonry - Part 2
The Regius MS & Deciphering the Oldest Charges
Origins and Links to English Freemasonry - Part 1
Unexpected links between the Freemasonry of today with the original Operative builders.
Freemasonry and Fascist Regime
Interesting speech by the famous historian Prof. Aldo A. Mola, who links the fascist regime with the Masonic Associations.
Ovid 25 Lodge
Was famous Russian poet Alexander Pushkin a Freemason? And if so, was he a member of the lodge ‘for which all the lodges in Russia were destroyed’?
The Importance of Masonic Research
An introduction to Masonic research - how to know what is authentic...and what is not!
The Antient Noble Order of the Gormogons had a brief existence in the eighteenth century; they left few records or accomplishments, and there is no indication as to their true purpose other than to parody and degrade Freemasonry, and perhaps further the Jacobite cause.
Four Times of the Day - Night
Hogarth's mockery of Freemasonry. A humorous depictions of life in the streets of London, the vagaries of fashion, and the interactions between the rich and poor.
Russian Freemasonry a combination of a short sketch of its history and a review of the present-day Masonic landscape in this country
to be a better citizen of the world
share the square with two brothers
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