Egyptomania in Australia

Egypt has always fascinated us and in other articles we have featured other Masonic Halls and Temples influenced by the ‘Egyptomania’ of the 19th and 20th centuries

In this issue we feature Port Adelaide Masonic Hall situated on the corner of Commercial Rd and Dale Street, Port Adelaide, South Australia.

The building was erected in the late 1920s and designed by architect and Freemason Charles Walter Rutt.

It is a classic Art Deco Egyptian Revival style with various motifs, columns, and symbols imitative of those found on the temples of Egypt.

The shape of the building itself is reminiscent of the structure of the Egyptian temples – symmetrical, with the pylon design and accompanying papyrus columns.

Composite Papyrus Capital 380–343 B.C. Temple of Amun at Hibis, Kharga Oasis, Egypt.
IMAGE LINKED:  metmuseum.org art collection

The Egyptians used a variety of capitals on their columns to represent the lotus (water lily), papyrus, palm, or featuring the head of the goddess Hathor.

The columns on the Masonic Hall are stylised papyrus columns based on those which can be found at temples throughout Egypt.

The winged solar disk over the pillared doorway…also note the terrestrial and celestial globes on the twin pillars flanking the door (above).

The ‘winged sun’, or winged solar disk (also known the bḥdt symbol) represented the Sun god Horus of Behdet (Edfu) to the ancient Egyptians – its symbolism is that of divinity, sovereignty, and power.

“Winged Sun of Thebes” (from Egyptian Mythology and Egyptian Christianity by Samuel Sharpe, 1863)
IMAGE LINKED:  wikimedia Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

On the side wall, there is a quirky use of Anglicized hieroglyphs, spelling out the words ‘Masonic Building’ (images below)

Photo credits: Richard Num

 

Freemasons’ Hall
254 North Tce
ADELAIDE SA 5000
Australia

 

http://adelaidelodgeno2.org/

Further Reading:

Get to Know The Port Adelaide Masonic Centre by VW Bro Iain McKenzie, 2009 http://adelaidelodgeno2.org/get-to-know-the-port-adelaide-masonic-centre/

 

Legacy of the Ancient Egyptians by Audrey Fletcher http://ancientegypt.hypermart.net/freemasonry/index.htm

The Egyptian Revival

By: James Stevens Curl

In this beautifully illustrated and closely argued book, a completely updated and much expanded third edition of his magisterial survey, Curl describes in lively and stimulating prose the numerous revivals of the Egyptian style from Antiquity to the present day.

Drawing on a wealth of sources, his pioneering and definitive work analyzes the remarkable and persistent influence of Ancient Egyptian culture on the West.

The author deftly develops his argument that the civilization of Ancient Egypt is central, rather than peripheral, to the development of much of Western architecture, art, design, and religion. Curl examines:

• the persistence of Egyptian motifs in design from Graeco-Roman Antiquity, through the Medieval, Baroque, and Neo-Classical periods

• rise of Egyptology in the nineteenth and twentieth-century manifestations of Egyptianisms prompted by the discovery of Tutankhamun’s tomb

• various aspects of Egyptianizing tendencies in the Art Deco style and afterwards.

For students of art, architectural and ancient history, and those interested in western European culture generally, this book will be an inspiring and invaluable addition to the available literature.

 

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